(1) In the history of cartography the territory being mapped changed very little.(2) Other disciplines have been brought to bear on the subject, including archaeology, cartography , and historical geography.(3) Regarding his importance for the history of cartography , he is compared to Ptolemy, the ancient scholar from Alexandria in Egypt.(4) So there is good reason to say that during the war, military geography and military cartography emerged as full-fledged sciences in their own right.(5) Mercator had studied geography, cartography and mathematics at the University of Louvain in Belgium.(6) The historian of cartography James Welu has shown all of these to be actual contemporary printed maps.(7) It is a remarkable scientific document which contains his work on mathematics, music, astronomy, calendars, cartography , geology, optics and medicine.(8) As Harley points out, much of the scientific rhetoric of post-Enlightenment cartography was used to maintain systems of state and imperial domination.(9) Cosmographia provided a layman's introduction to such subjects as astronomy, geography, cartography , surveying, navigation and mathematical instruments.(10) Thus it was, in a round about way, that I became, latterly, the first woman Keeper of Public Records, while remaining a practising historian of the history of cartography .(11) The history of mathematics had always interested Rey Pastor and late in his career his interests in historical topics extended to cartography .(12) Bonnet also published on cartography , algebra, rational mechanics and mathematical physics.(13) In the historical development of cartography , when a new type or style of map appears on the scene, it is normally derived from earlier forms in some evolutionary process.(14) As a Dominican he continued to study philosophy and theology but he became increasingly interested in the study of mathematics, astronomy, and cartography .(15) First, he knew very little about either geography, astronomy, or cartography .(16) As well as mathematics, Ozanam was also interested in cartography and military engineering.